Power-sharing continued until October 15. Because the disarmament provision of the agreement has not been implemented, the DUP has filed a motion to expel Sinn Fein from the government. The nationalists argued that they would not disarm under the conditions set by the unionists, and for this reason, trust between the unionists and the nationalists collapsed, leading to the suspension of the Assembly and the executive from 15 October 2002. (ii) To recognise that it is solely for the peoples of the island of Ireland to exercise, by agreement between the two parties and without external hindrance, their right to self-determination on the basis of the free consent simultaneously accorded to the North and the South, in order to create a united Ireland, if they so wish, by accepting this right with and subject to the consent and consent of a majority of the people of Northern Ireland; 12. The above-mentioned special procedure shall be followed when the competent executive committee or departmental committee holds a trans-community vote. The Good Friday Agreement provided for an elected assembly of 108 members in Northern Ireland. The Assembly would be able to exercise executive and legislative power and would be subject to safeguards to protect the rights and interests of all parts of the Community. According to the Agreement, the Assembly should be elected according to the system of single transferable votes of proportional representation. In a spirit of safeguarding the interests and rights of all parties, the agreement also provided for a proportional distribution of committee members in the Assembly. In view of the transitional provisions laid down in the agreement, it is also important to point out that the elections to the Assembly took place in July 1998, well before the adoption of the Northern Ireland Act. Both views were recognized as legitimate. For the first time, the Irish government has agreed in a binding international agreement that Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom. [9] The Irish Constitution has also been amended to implicitly recognise Northern Ireland as part of the sovereign territory of the United Kingdom,[7] subject to the consent of the majority of the inhabitants of the island`s two jurisdictions to a united Ireland.

On the other hand, the wording of the agreement reflects a shift in the legal focus on the UK from one for the Union to one for a united Ireland. [9] The agreement therefore left open the question of future sovereignty over Northern Ireland. [10] On April 10, 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement (or Belfast Agreement) was signed. This agreement helped end a period of conflict in the region known as the Troubles. The agreement was approved by voters across the island of Ireland in two referendums on 22 May 1998. In Northern Ireland, in the 1998 referendum on the Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland, voters were asked if they supported the multi-party agreement. In the Republic of Ireland, voters were asked whether they would allow the state to sign the agreement and allow the necessary constitutional amendments (Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Ireland) to facilitate it. People in both jurisdictions had to approve the agreement to bring it into effect. The direct London regime ended in Northern Ireland when power was formally transferred to the new Northern Ireland Assembly, the North/South Council of Ministers and the British-Irish Council when the Orders relating to the British-Irish Agreement entered into force on 2 December 1999. [15] [16] [17] In accordance with Article 4(2) of the British-Irish Agreement (the Agreement between the British and Irish Governments on the implementation of the Belfast Agreement), the two governments have notified each other in writing of compliance with the conditions for the entry into force of the British-Irish Agreement. The entry into force took place with the receipt of the two communications of the latter communication.

[18] The British government agreed to attend a televised ceremony at Iveagh House in Dublin, the Irish Foreign Office. Peter Mandelson, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, attended early in the morning of 2 December 1999. He exchanged views with David Andrews, Ireland`s foreign minister. Shortly after the ceremony, at 10.30.m., the Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern, signed the declaration formally amending Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution. He then announced to Dáil that the British-Irish Agreement had entered into force (including certain agreements additional to the Belfast Agreement). [7] [19] When the Irish and British governments committed to reintegrate paramilitary prisoners into society by creating employment opportunities, recycling and promoting educational opportunities, the European Union created a support infrastructure from the European Union`s Peace and Reconciliation Fund in 1998. It was reported that the Belfast-based Northern Ireland Voluntary Trust managed the fund. In addition, more than 26 community-based ex-prisoner projects were underway across Northern Ireland, covering education, vocational skills programmes, financial and social counselling, housing and housing, as well as family-centred counselling in Ireland.1 “The Good Friday Agreement – Prisoners”, BBC News, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/prisoner. According to IICD President John de Chastelain, large quantities of machine guns, explosives and detonators were destroyed in October. Nevertheless, trade union leader John Trimble argued that a clear and transparent report on important actions was needed.1 Transparency in dismantling dominated the peace process in Northern Ireland.